OFAC Publishes a Framework for Compliance

On May 2, 2019 the U.S. Department of the Treasury’s Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC)(1) published “A Framework for OFAC Compliance Commitments”(2). The publication is intended to provide OFAC’s perspective, to entities subject to US jurisdiction, on what are essential components of an effective sanctions compliance program.

OFAC developed this framework in our continuing effort to strengthen sanctions compliance practices across the boardThis underlines our commitment to engage with the private sector to further promote understanding of, and compliance with, sanction requirements.” - Andrea M. Gacki, Director of the Office of Foreign Assets Control (3)

Summary

  • OFAC continues to emphasize and “strongly encourage” entities subject to U.S. jurisdiction to take a risk-based approach to sanctions compliance by “developing, implementing, and routinely updating a sanctions compliance program (“SCP”).

  • Regardless of company size, sophistication, products/services, geographic locations, etc…each SCP should incorporate at least these five (5) components: management commitment, risk assessment, internal controls, testing and auditing, and training.

  • In enforcement cases, OFAC will evaluate an entities SCP against the Economic Sanctions Enforcement Guidelines (the “Guidelines”)(4) and when applying the Guidelines will favorably consider an entity that had an effective SCP in place at the time a violation occurred.

A Few Key Points

  • Management Commitment

    • Effective senior management commitment, among others, includes providing adequate resources for compliance and support for the authority of compliance personnel within the organization.

    • Adequate resources includes ensuring there are enough personnel with sufficient expertise dedicated to compliance, and adequate information technology, and other resources, as appropriate.

  • Risk Assessment(5)

    • OFAC recommends a risk-based approach to implementation of a SCP and one of the integral components of this approach is to conduct periodic risk assessments.

    • The assessment should include, among others, a review of customers, vendors, products, services, third-party intermediaries, and geographic locations.

  • Internal Controls

    • An effective SCP should include policies and procedures. These policies and procedures should be enforced and updated when weaknesses are detected or requirements change.

    • Sufficient personnel should be appointed to ensure proper integration of the company’s policies and procedures into the daily operation of the company.

    • The organization should clearly communicate their policies and procedures to all relevant staff.

  • Testing and Auditing

    • An effective SCP include’s a comprehensive and objective testing or audit function that identifies program weaknesses and deficiencies.

    • Any deficiencies identified, including software systems, should be addressed.

  • Training

    • An effective training program is considered an integral component of a successful SCP. The training should be provided to all appropriate employees and personnel on a periodic basis (at a minimum, annually).

  • Root Causes of OFAC Compliance Program Breakdowns - OFAC has identified the following common areas where deficiencies resulted in sanctions compliance failures:

    • Lack of a formal OFAC sanctions compliance program;

    • Misinterpreting, or failing to understand the applicability of, OFAC’s regulations;

    • Facilitating transactions by non-US persons (including through or by overseas subsidiaries or affiliates);

    • Exporting or re-exporting US-origin goods, technology, or services to OFAC sanctioned persons or countries;

    • Utilizing the US financial system, or processing payments to or through US financial institutions, for commercial transactions involving OFAC-sanctioned persons or countries;

    • Sanctions screening software or filter failures;

    • Improper due diligence on customers/clients;

    • De-centralized compliance functions and inconsistent application of their SCP; and

    • Utilizing non-standard payment or commercial practices.

Contact us to learn more about OFAC’s guidance and to find out how GCSG’s Advisory and Audit teams can guide and partner with you to reduce your sanctions compliance risk and protect your company’s bottom line and reputation.

References

Weekly Compliance News - Around the World

GCSG's Weekly Compliance News feature is a compilation of some of the previous weeks interesting trade compliance, anti-bribery and corruption, fraud, and due diligence news bites, from around the world.

Bribes and Backdoor Deals Help Foreign Firms Sell to China’s Hospitals | The New York Times

“A review of dozens of Chinese court cases and internal corporate documents as well as interviews with company insiders showed how foreign firms have become deeply enmeshed in the corruption pervading China’s health care industry.” (Click here for the article) - China, Global

Expedia Settles Alleged Violations of U.S. Sanctions on Cuba | Wall Street Journal

“Expedia Group Inc. agreed to pay more than $325,000 to settle allegations that it violated U.S. sanctions on Cuba, the Treasury Department said.” (Click here for the article) - Cuba, United States

Exploring the causes of persistent corruption | PHYS ORG

“Corruption impedes equitable development, destabilizes societies, and undermines the institutions and values of democracy. It is viewed by many as one of the world's greatest problems. According to a Gallup poll, a majority of people even place its negative impacts ahead of global problems like climate change, poverty and terrorism.” (Click here for the article) - Global

Europol highlights Russian money as biggest laundering threat | Reuters

“Europe's Baltic states are at risk from further Russian money laundering, a top European police official said after several big banks were hit by scandals centred on the region.” (Click here for the article) - Russia, China, Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia

Treasury Sanctions Iran’s Largest Petrochemical Holding Group | U.S. Department of the Treasury

“The U.S. Department of the Treasury’s Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) took action today against Iran’s largest and most profitable petrochemical holding group, Persian Gulf Petrochemical Industries Company (PGPIC), for providing financial support to Khatam al-Anbiya Construction Headquarters (Khatam al-Anbiya), the engineering conglomerate of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC).  In addition to PGPIC, OFAC is designating PGPIC’s vast network of 39 subsidiary petrochemical companies and foreign-based sales agents.” (Click here for the article) - Iran, USA

Mexico joins the anti-bribery enforcement bandwagon | The FCPA Blog

“Anti-corruption law has never been thought to hold much sway in Mexican affairs. Despite a nominal prohibition of bribery and graft and an abundance of recent corruption scandals, the country’s history of minimal enforcement has fostered an expectation of impunity...That may no longer be the case. In his successful campaign for office last year, Mexico’s President Lopez Obrador promised an administration that would fight corruption by taking on the “mafias of power” -- politicians and industry magnates who have enriched themselves through dubious federal contracting practices.” (Click here for the article) - Mexico

House begins debate on new NAFTA ratification bill | CTV News

“Members of Parliament began debating the new NAFTA implementation bill in the House of Commons on Tuesday. Foreign Affairs Minister Chrystia Freeland began the debate by extolling the benefits of the deal, saying Canada is ready to ratify the trilateral trade pact, as soon as the U.S. and Mexico are.” (Click here for the article) - Canada, Mexico, US

Vietnam says some Chinese exporters are using fake ‘Made-in-Vietnam’ labels to avoid US tariffs | The Daily Caller

“Some Chinese exporters are putting fake “Made-in-Vietnam'“ stickers to try to avoid U.S. tariffs, Vietnam alleged Sunday.” (Click here for the article) - Vietnam, China, US

India lost over 90,000 crore to trade misinvoicing, says GFI report | livemint

“India lost a staggering $13 billion, over ₹90,000 crore, to trade misinvoicing, equivalent to 5.5% of the value of the country's total revenue collections in 2016, according to a report by the US-based think tank Global Financial Integrity.” (Click here for the article) - India, China

Weekly Compliance News - Around the World

GCSG's Weekly Compliance News feature is a compilation of some of the previous weeks interesting trade compliance, anti-bribery and corruption, fraud, and due diligence news bites, from around the world.

Chinese Goods Navigate Alternate Trade Routes to US Shores | Nikkei Asian Review

“Higher U.S. tariffs from the trade war with China are altering patterns of world trade as exporters use third countries to bypass the duties, data reveals.” (Click here for the article) - Japan, Vietnam, China, US

As Trade Wars Move to Mexico, Companies Lose a Safe Harbor | New York Times

“When trade tensions with China flared last year, many companies sought refuge in a country with a long, stable relationship with the United States: Mexico.” (Click here for the article) - US, China, Mexico

Historic Africa Free Trade Agreement Enters Into Force | AP News

“African leaders are celebrating the entry into force of a continental free trade agreement that creates what they call the world’s largest trading market of 1.2 billion people.” (Click here for the article) - Africa

Report Shows Counterfeit Trade Increase in 2019 | Global Trade Magazine

“A report released by OECD and the EU’s Intellectual Property Office confirmed that counterfeit and pirated goods in trade reached 3.3 percent this year.” (Click here for the article) - Europe, China

Global Customs and Trade: It’s Relevance and Why You Should Consider Specialists | Harvey John

“In recent years, shifts in regulatory processes, legislation, and the prominent presence of Brexit, has made an increasing impact on how businesses deal with cross-border affairs.” (Click here for the article) - Global

Dispute Resolution along the Belt and Road | East Asia Forum

“The prospect of disputes arising in respect of projects under China’s Belt and Road Initiative has generated considerable interest, accompanied by positioning on the part of governments, government institutions, lawyers and academics who see potential opportunities.” (Click here for the article) - China

US Scientists, Policy Advisors Oppose Restrictions on Collaboration with China | Xinhuanet News

“The recent U.S. moves to throw a wrench into its scientific collaboration with China are "counterproductive" and could "backfire," scientists and policy advisors here have warned.” (Click here for the article) - US, China

Former Workers Arrested for Embezzling Nearly $1M from Mississippi Community College | Fox13

“Two former Coahoma County Community College employees are facing criminal charges after investigators said they embezzled $750,000.” (Click here for the article) - US

Weekly Compliance News - Around the World

GCSG's Weekly Compliance News feature is a compilation of some of the previous weeks interesting trade compliance, anti-bribery and corruption, fraud, and due diligence news bites, from around the world.

Guide to the General Data Protection Regulation  | Information Commissioner’s Office

“The Guide to the GDPR is part of our Guide to Data Protection. It is for DPOs and others who have day-to-day responsibility for data protection.” (Click here for the article) - United Kingdom

German Business Down with Iran as US Sanctions Bite | National Post

“A German business group says German companies’ trade with Iran has declined sharply as the United States turns up the economic heat on Tehran.” (Click here for the article) - Germany, Iran, US

Americans Snap Up Imports from Vietnam at China’s Expense | Bloomberg

“Vietnam was one of the fastest-growing sources of American imports from Asia last quarter, and could potentially overtake the U.K. as a bigger supplier to the U.S. if it keeps up that pace.” (Click here for the article) - Vietnam, UK, US, China

Businessman Admits Offenses in Citgo Bribe Case | The FCPA Blog

“An executive who controlled several U.S.-based companies pleaded guilty Wednesday to bribing officials at subsidiaries of Venezuela's state energy company.” (Click here for the article) - US, Venezuela

Trump’s 5% Tariff on Goods Imported from Mexico doesn’t Sit Well with US Businesses | Supply Chain 24/7

“President Trump’s threat to impose across-the-board tariffs on Mexico is stirring widespread opposition and concern among U.S. business groups who say they could have major negative impacts on supply chains and trade activity.” (Click here for the article) - US, Mexico

Southeast Asia Gains New Leverage as China and US Battle for Influence | Asian Review

“There are two "friendship bridges" spanning the Tonle Sap river in the Cambodian capital of Phnom Penh. One is labeled the Cambodia-Japanese friendship bridge; the other is the Cambodia-China friendship bridge. Sitting almost side by side, the bridges are an unintended reflection of the rivalry between Japan and China, in Cambodia and across much of the surrounding Mekong region, where the two countries are the largest donors and investors.” (Click here for the article) - US, China, Cambodia, Japan

Weekly Compliance News - Around the World

GCSG's Weekly Compliance News feature is a compilation of some of the previous weeks interesting trade compliance, anti-bribery and corruption, fraud, and due diligence news bites, from around the world.

The anatomy of a scam: How far fraudsters will go to steal your money  | Ottawa Citizen

“Gone are the days a Nigerian prince would email you, promising untold riches in exchange for a small payment upfront. Today’s scams are more intimate. Fraudsters craft tailored messages and emails; fake identities; real world addresses for not-so-real companies; websites; phone numbers; a significant corporate presence online; multiple email addresses; and even apparent news coverage from reputable sources.” (Click here for the article) - Global, Canada

Why corruption matters in the EU elections  | Transparency International

“Over the next four days, citizens from 28 countries across the European Union (EU) will cast their vote in one of the largest democratic elections worldwide. With 751 seats at stake in the European Parliament and each Member of Parliament (MEP) poised to serve a five-year term, there’s a lot riding on these elections.” (Click here for the article) - European Union

How does someone get scammed into buying $160,000 in gift cards?  | Marketplace Morning Report

“How does someone get scammed into buying $160,000 in gift cards? Nordstrom goes small.” (Click here for the article) - Global

Trade War: What Chinese Entrepreneurs Really Think  | FINEWS ASIA

“As the U.S.-Chinese trade tussle weighs heavily in Asia, what do Chinese entrepreneurs truly think about the conflict? finews.asia asked an Asian family office.” (Click here for the article) - USA, China

How to Demonstrate Your Value as an Anti-Fraud Professional  | ACFE

“The biggest challenge people have when working toward professional advancement is understanding how to communicate the value their expertise and experience can bring to decision-makers. Whether it’s a new job, a promotion, or signing on a new client or customer, the message must be about how your expertise and value solve their problems.” (Click here for the article) - Global

New EU-wide whistle-blower rules approved  | GCSG

“On April 16, the European Parliament voted(1) in favor of adopting new European Union (“EU”) wide standards to protect whistle-blowers. The standards are designed to protect whistle-blowers that reveal breaches of EU law in areas of public procurement, financial services and tax, money laundering, product and transport safety, protection of the environment, food and feed safety, animal health and welfare, nuclear safety, public health, security of network and information systems, competition, consumer and data protection, fraud, corruption and any other illegal activity affecting the use of Union expenditures.” (Click here for the article) - European Union

Top 5 Cyber Security Threats for Executives  | Prescient

“High profile cyber incidents such as massive data breaches have become increasingly common across industries, especially in the past two years. Such events speak to the shift in perception for cyber crimes–from an overlooked and niche concern to a public, major security problem for organizations across industries. Everything from manufacturing, healthcare, and traditionally higher risk sectors such as banking and technology have been privy to such incidents. In the corporate realm, senior executives are primary targets of hackers, fraud and phishing scams due to their high level of access to valuable corporate information.” (Click here for the article) - Global

U.S. Terminates Turkey’s Preferential Trade Agreement, Reduces Tariffs on Steel  | US News & World Report

“The United States on Thursday terminated Turkey's preferential trade treatment that allowed some exports to enter the country duty free, but it has halved its tariffs on imports of Turkish steel to 25%.” (Click here for the article) - USA, Turkey

New EU-wide whistle-blower rules approved

On April 16, the European Parliament voted(1) in favor of adopting new European Union (“EU”) wide standards to protect whistle-blowers. The standards are designed to protect whistle-blowers that reveal breaches of EU law in areas of public procurement, financial services and tax, money laundering, product and transport safety, protection of the environment, food and feed safety, animal health and welfare, nuclear safety, public health, security of network and information systems, competition, consumer and data protection, fraud, corruption and any other illegal activity affecting the use of Union expenditures.

The new rules allow whistle-blowers to disclose information either internally to the responsible legal entity, or national authorities, as well as any relevant EU institutions, bodies, offices, and agencies. The law prohibits reprisals and includes safeguards preventing the whistle-blower from being suspended, demoted or from facing other types of retaliation.

Recent scandals such as LuxLeaks, Panama Papers and Football leaks have helped to shine a light on the great precariousness that whistle-blowers suffer today. On the eve of European elections, Parliament has come together to send a strong signal that it has heard the concerns of its citizens, and pushed for robust rules guaranteeing their safety and that of those persons who choose to speak out.” - Virginie Roziere (S&D, FR)

Some Adopted Text

Persons who work for a public or private organisation or are in contact with it in the context of their work-related activities are often the first to know about threats or harm to the public interest which arise in this context. By ‘blowing the whistle’ they play a key role in exposing and preventing breaches of the law that are harmful to the public interest and in safeguarding the welfare of society. However, potential whistleblowers are often discouraged from reporting their concerns or suspicions for fear of retaliation. In this context, the importance of providing balanced and effective whistleblower protection is increasingly acknowledged both at European and international level.”(2)

To enjoy protection, the reporting persons should reasonably believe, in light of the circumstances and the information available to them at the time of the reporting, that the matters reported by them are true. This is an essential safeguard against malicious and frivolous or abusive reports, ensuring that those who, at the time of the reporting, deliberately and knowingly reported wrong or misleading information do not enjoy protection. At the same time, it ensures that protection is not lost where the reporting person made an inaccurate report in honest error. In a similar vein, reporting persons should be entitled to protection under this Directive if they have reasonable grounds to believe that the information reported falls within its scope. The motives of the reporting person in making the report should be irrelevant as to whether or not they should receive protection.”(2)

Next Steps

EU ministers now need to approve the law. Once approved, member states will have two years to come into compliance with the law.

GCSG Advisory Professionals will be keeping up with the progress of this legislation. Contact us to learn more.

References

New DOJ Corporate Compliance Program Guidance

The US Department of Justice - Criminal Division (“USDOJ”) announced(1) on April 30 the release of a new guidance document(2) on the evaluation of corporate compliance programs.

Effective compliance programs play a critical role in preventing misconduct, facilitating investigations, and informing fair resolutions.”(1) - Assistant Attorney General Brian A. Benczkowski

Part I of the document discusses the elements of a “well-designed” compliance program and Part II discusses the features of what an effectively implemented compliance program looks like.

There are three overarching questions prosecutors will ask themselves, when evaluating the effectiveness of a compliance program, at the time of an offense and at the time of a charging decision(2,3):

  • Is the program well designed?

  • Is the program effectively implemented (or applied earnestly and in good faith)?

  • Does the compliance program actually work in practice?

According to the USDOJ’s guidance, the elements of a “Well-Designed” Compliance Program include:

  • Risk Assessment - “Prosecutors should consider whether the program is appropriately designed to detect the particular types of misconduct most likely to occur in a particular corporation’s line of business” and “the manner in which the company’s compliance program has been tailored based on that risk assessment”

  • Policies and Procedures - “Prosecutors should examine whether the company has a code of conduct that sets forth, among other things, the company’s commitment to full compliance with relevant Federal laws that is accessible and applicable to all company employees” and “whether the company has established policies and procedures that incorporate the culture of compliance into it’s day-to-day operations.”

  • Training and Communications - “Prosecutors should assess the steps taken by the company to ensure that policies and procedures have been integrated into the organization, including through periodic training and certification for all directors, officers, relevant employees, and where appropriate, agents and business partners.”

  • Confidential Reporting Structure and Investigation Process - “Prosecutors should assess whether the company’s complaint-handling process includes pro-active measures to create a workplace atmosphere without fear of retaliation, appropriate processes for the submission of complaints, and processes to protect whistleblowers” and “assess the company’s processes for handling investigations of such complaints…”

  • Third-Party Management - “Prosecutors should also assess whether the company knows its third-party partners’ reputations and relationships, if any, with foreign officials, and the business rationale for needing the third party in the transaction” and “assess whether the company engaged in ongoing monitoring of the third-party relationships"…”

  • M&A Due Diligence - “A well-designed compliance program should include comprehensive due diligence of any acquisition targets.”

Today’s guidance document is part of our broader efforts in training, hiring, and enforcement to help promote corporate behaviors that benefit the American public and ensure that prosecutors evaluate the effectiveness of compliance in a rigorous and transparent manner.”(1) - Assistant Attorney General Brian A. Benczkowski

DOJ prosecutors are encouraged to review whether or not a compliance program is a “paper program” or one that has actually been “implemented” and is periodically reviewed and revised when appropriate. According to DOJ guidance some elements of an effectively implemented program include:

  • Commitment by Senior and Middle Management

    • Does the company leadership demonstrate high level commitment to implement a culture of compliance?

  • Autonomy and Resources

    • Is the program adequately resourced with sufficient personnel and funding?

    • Are compliance personnel in senior positions and do they have adequate autonomy?

  • Incentives and Disciplinary Measures - “Prosecutors should assess whether the company has clear disciplinary procedures in place, enforces them consistently across the organization, and ensures that the procedures are commensurate with the violations.”

  • Continuous Improvement, Periodic Testing, and Review - “Prosecutors should likewise look to whether a company has taken reasonable steps to ensure that the organization’s compliance and ethics program is followed, including monitoring and auditing to detect criminal conduct.”

  • Investigation of Misconduct

    • Is there a well-functioning and appropriately funded mechanism for the timely and thorough investigation of any allegations or suspicions of misconduct by the company, its employees, or agents?

  • Analysis and Remediation of Any Underlying Misconduct - “Prosecutors should consider any remedial actions taken by the corporation…”

Contact GCSG Advisory and Audit Professionals today for assistance:

  • In developing a Risk Profile for your business;

  • Evaluating the effectiveness of your existing compliance program;

  • Implementing a compliance program;

  • Providing third-party due diligence; and

  • Providing in-depth compliance audits to detect potential wrongdoing.

References

New US Sanctions on Iran's Iron, Steel, Aluminum, and Copper Sectors

On May 8, 2019, the Trump administration issued an Executive Order (EO)(1) establishing new sanctions on Iran’s iron, steel, aluminum, and copper sectors. A few key points from the EO include, but are not limited to, the following:

  • “All property and interests in property that are in the United States, that hereafter come within the United States, or that are or hereafter come within the possession or control of any United States person(2) of the following persons are blocked and may not be transferred, paid, exported, withdrawn, or otherwise dealt in: any person determined by the Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation with the Secretary of State”:

    • to be operating in the iron, steel, aluminum, or copper sector of Iran, or to be a person that owns, controls, or operates an entity that is part of the iron, steel, aluminum, or copper sector of Iran;

    • to have knowingly engaged, on or after the date of this order, in a significant transaction for the sale, supply, or transfer to Iran of significant goods or services used in connection with the iron, steel, aluminum, or copper sectors of Iran;

    • to have knowingly engaged, on or after the date of this order, in a significant transaction for the purchase, acquisition, sale, transport, or marketing of iron, iron products, aluminum, aluminum products, steel, steel products, copper, or copper products from Iran;….

In addition to the above, there are additional prohibitions on financial institutions and financial transactions (occurring with the noted sectors). The prohibitions included in the EO include:

  • the making of any contribution or provision of funds, goods, or services by, to, or for the benefit of any person whose property and interests in property are blocked; and

  • the receipt of any contribution or provision of funds, goods, or services from any such person.

Contact your GCSG Trade Compliance professionals for assistance in understanding how to reduce your risk and how this EO may affect your business.

References

(1) Executive Order (EO) on “Imposing Sanctions with Respect to the Iron, Steel, Aluminum, and Copper Sectors of Iran” - May 8, 2019

(2) United States person - means any United States citizen, permanent resident alien, entity organized under the laws of the United States or any jurisdiction within the United States (including foreign branches), or any person in the United States.(1)

(3) Knowingly - with respect to conduct, a circumstance, or a result, means that a person has actual knowledge, or should have known, of the conduct, the circumstance, or the result.(1)

(4) Entity - means a partnership, association, trust, joint venture, corporation, group, subgroup, or other organization.(1)

Weekly Compliance News - Around the World

GCSG's Weekly Compliance News feature is a compilation of some of the previous weeks interesting trade compliance, anti-bribery and corruption, fraud, and due diligence news bites, from around the world.

When Employees Feel Grateful, They are Less Likely to be Dishonest  | Harvard Business Review

“Dishonesty in the workplace can be a major problem for any business. Recent estimates suggest that theft and fraud by employees reduce the profits of U.S. businesses by $50 billion annually.” Northeastern University Professor’s study reveals “As a result, our findings indicate that gratitude worked the same for everyone: a few moments spent feeling grateful dramatically improved the moral choices people made.” (Click here for the article) - Global

How the (Once) Most Corrupt Country in the World Got Clean(er)  | The Atlantic

“For decades in Indonesia, the corruption was like the humidity: always there. In Transparency International’s initial ranking, in 1995, of nations’ perceived corruption, Indonesia came in dead last. Last year, it clocked in at 89 out of 180: the first time it ever broke into the top half of the chart.” (Click here for the article) - Indonesia

Asian Companies Pull Back from Iran Amid US Pressure  | Wall Street Journal

“Asian companies that had provided a lifeline to Iran after the U.S. reimposed sanctions last year are pulling back, hurting the hobbled Iranian economy and leaving the Islamic Republic with less incentive to stay committed to a multi-nation nuclear deal, Western diplomats say.” (Click here for the article) - Europe, Asia, Iran, US

Trump Pressure will Fail Because Iran has a Ph.D in Sanctions Busting  | NBC News

“President Donald Trump will not succeed in forcing Iran to capitulate to U.S. economic pressure because Tehran has a "Ph.D. in sanctions busting," Iran's Foreign Minister Javad Zarif said.” (Click here for the article) - US, Iran

NSA Reportedly Recommends Retiring Phone Surveillance Program  | CNET

“The National Security Agency has recommended the White House abandon a controversial program that collects and analyzes data on millions of Americans' domestic calls and texts, The Wall Street Journal reported Wednesday.” (Click here for the article) - US

Export Controls to be Introduced to Japanese Universities  | WorldECR

“Japan’s Mainichi newspaper reports that the Japanese government is set to formulate guidelines calling on universities in Japan that collaborate with foreign companies for joint research projects to develop legal compliance systems to prevent technology drain.” (Click here for the article) - US, Japan, China

Trump Cancels Iran Oil Waivers Granted to Major Asian Importers  | Nikkei Asian Review

“The U.S. will end its sanctions exemptions granted to certain oil importers to enforce a total ban on Iranian crude, the White House said Monday, amplifying the American pressure campaign against Tehran and immediately sending petroleum prices higher.” (Click here for the article) - US, Japan, China, South Korea, Taiwan, India, Italy, Greece, Turkey, Iran

Rise of the Chief Ethics Officer | Forbes

“A 2018 survey by Deloitte of 1,400 U.S. executives knowledgeable about artificial intelligence found that 32% ranked ethical issues as one of the top three risks of AI. Much of that work is beginning to find its way to a position that’s also on the rise—the chief ethics officer.” (Click here for the article) - Global

Weekly Compliance News - Around the World

GCSG's Weekly Compliance News feature is a compilation of some of the previous weeks interesting trade compliance, anti-bribery and corruption, fraud, and due diligence news bites, from around the world.

Denmark’s DSV to Buy Logistics Company Palpina in $4.6 Billion Deal  | Reuters

“Swiss logistics group Panalpina has bowed to an increased 4.6 billion Swiss francs ($4.6 billion) bid from Danish rival DSV, ending a more than two month takeover battle designed to build scale in the consolidating transport sector” (Click here for the article) - Denmark, Switzerland

Corruption Costs $1 Trillion in Tax Revenue Globally: IMC  | Reuters

“Curbing corruption could generate about $1 trillion in tax revenues annually across the world, according to research from the International Monetary Fund.” (Click here for the article) - Global

Canada Ignored its Gigantic Money Laundering Problem for Years  | Financial Post

“Ottawa’s budget earmarked about $200 million over the next five years to address Canada’s massive money laundering problem… but follows years of neglect resulting in the creation of gigantic laundering networks in Canada, the growth of criminal organizations, increased drug trafficking, housing unaffordability, and few prosecutions.” (Click here for the article) - Global

Standard Chartered Enters Global Resolution to Settle “Egregious” Sanctions Case  | Global Investigations Review

“Standard Chartered has agreed to pay $1.1 billion to resolve allegations that it violated sanctions in Myanmar, Cuba, Iran and Syria, seven years after it signed a deferred prosecution agreement over failures to adhere to US sanctions laws.” (Click here for the article) - US, Myanmar, Cuba, Iran, Syria

Treasury Secretary Mnuchin has “Very productive” Trade Meeting with China  | CNBC

“Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin said the U.S. and China are making progress on a trade deal, including resolving a key sticking point that’s been dragging out the process.” (Click here for the article) - US, China

MEPs Warn on Corruption in Malta and Slovakia  | KYC360

“Members of the European Parliament are voicing concerns about the rule of law in Malta and Slovakia following the murder of two journalists investigating corruption and organized crime in the countries.” (Click here for the article) - Europe

Italy’s UniCredit to Pay $1.3 Billion to Settle US Sanctions Probe  | Reuters

“Italy’s top bank UniCredit SpA and two subsidiaries have agreed to pay $1.3 billion to U.S. authorities to settle probes of violations of U.S. sanctions on Iran and other countries, U.S. authorities said on Monday.” (Click here for the article) - US, Italy, Iran

Second Round of Product 301 Exclusions Announced  | Mohawk Global

“More good news for importers. The office of the U.S. Trade Representative has announced the second round of product exclusions for Section 301 Tariffs. These exclusions will be retroactive as of July 6, 2018 and will extend for one year after the March 25 notice.” (Click here for the article) - US

Weekly Compliance News - Around the World

GCSG's Weekly Compliance News feature is a compilation of some of the previous weeks interesting trade compliance, anti-bribery and corruption, fraud, and due diligence news bites, from around the world.

Network of Iranian Front Companies Disrupted by OFAC | GCSG

On March 26, 2019 the US Department of the Treasury’s Office of Foreign Assets Control announced it had taken action against a network of 25 individuals and entities that had transferred over a billion dollars to the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps and Iran’s Ministry of Defense and Armed Forces Logistics. (Click here for the article) - US, Iran

Trump Says Tariffs Will Stay Until China Complies With Deal | AJOT

“President Donald Trump said he’ll keep tariffs on China until he’s sure Beijing is complying with any trade deal, refuting expectations that the two nations will agree to roll back duties as part of a lasting truce to their trade war.“ (Click here for the article) - US, China

How Compliance Can Empower the Business to Manage Risk | Corporate Compliance Insights

“It’s a time of enormous change for organizations of every type. Gartner’s 2018 survey of CEOs shows that CEOs, who have been focused on growth for years, are now prioritizing firm plans to deliver it — plans that involve IT-related transformation and new corporate structures and cultures.“ (Click here for the article) - US

Managing Risk and Enabling Growth in the Age of Innovation | Corporate Governance

“PWC explores how risk leaders can effectively manage innovation related risk, and by doing so, drive growth and performance.“ (Click here for the article) - US

Malabu Oilfield Scandal: How Multinational Companies Aid Corruption in Nigeria | Ventures Africa

“In 2011, British-Dutch Royal Dutch Shell and Italian multinational oil and gas company, Eni reached an agreement with the Nigerian government to purchase the offshore Oil Prospecting License 245 oilfield. … the deal has resulted in one of Nigeria’s largest corruption scandals in the oil industry.“ (Click here for the article) - Global

UK Lawmakers Demand Breakup of Big Four Accounting Companies | Bloomberg

“The “Big Four” accounting firms should be forced to legally separate their “cash cow” consulting work from their auditing businesses, a U.K. Parliament committee said Tuesday.“ (Click here for the article) - UK

China Announces Detailed VAT Reform Measures | International Trade Compliance

“On March 22, 2019, the State Council announced in a press release that authorities announced detailed measures to implement the country’s value-added tax reform on March 21 to further reduce the tax burden on various industries.“ (Click here for the article) - UK

Registry of Beneficial Ownership Aims at Lifting Curtain on Money Laundering and Tax Evasion | Tri-City News

“On March 22, 2019, the State Council announced in a press release that authorities announced detailed measures to implement the country’s value-added tax reform on March 21 to further reduce the tax burden on various industries.“ (Click here for the article) - Canada

Network of Iranian front companies disrupted by OFAC

On March 26, 2019 the US Department of the Treasury’s Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) announced(1) it had taken action against a network of 25 individuals and entities that had transferred over a billion dollars to the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) and Iran’s Ministry of Defense and Armed Forces Logistics (MODAFL).

The evasion scheme included a layered network of front companies and agents based in Iran, UAE, and Turkey that were set up to evade international sanctions and to gain access to the international financial system. The network exchanged devalued Iranian rials for dollars and euros.

We are targeting a vast network of front companies and individuals located in Iran, Turkey, and the UAE to disrupt a scheme the Iranian regime has used to illicitly move more than a billion dollars in fundsCentral to this network and sanctioned today pursuant to our counter terrorism authority is Iran's IRGC-controlled Ansar Bank and its currency exchange arm, Ansar Exchange, both of which used layers of intermediary entities to exchange devalued Iranian rial ultimately for dollars and euros to line the pockets of the IRGC and MODAFL…” (1)

Five front companies- UAE-based Sakan General Trading, Lebra Moon General Trading, and Naria General Trading, and Turkey-based Atlas Doviz, and the Iran-based Hital Exchange provided $800 million in funds to Ansar exchange.

Now more than ever, it is vitally important that global companies implement third-party due diligence and engagement policies. These policies are often risk-based but should be comprehensive and include at a minimum background investigation diligence and ongoing monitoring of distribution networks and contract agents.

Contact our Due Diligence compliance professionals at GCSG today to learn how we can help you mitigate your third-party risk with our due diligence reports, risk-ranking tool, policy development and implementation support, and international boots-on-the-ground third-party Audits.

References

(1) U.S. Department of the Treasury Press Releases - “United States Disrupts Large Scale Front Company Network Transferring Hundreds of Millions of Dollars and Euros to the IRGC and Iran’s Ministry of Defense.” - March 26, 2019

Weekly Compliance News - Around the World

GCSG's Weekly Compliance News feature is a compilation of some of the previous weeks interesting trade compliance, anti-bribery and corruption, fraud, and due diligence news bites, from around the world.

US Court of International Trade Upholds Constitutionality of President’s Power | Lexology

“On March 25, 2019, the U.S. Court of International Trade denied a challenge to the constitutionality of Section 232 of the Trade Expansion Act of 1962 in a lawsuit brought by the American Institute of International Steel and other steel importers.“ (Click here for the article) - Global

Ukraine: Court Ruling on Law Means End for Corruption Cases | ABC News

“Ukraine's Constitutional Court has struck down a law against officials enriching themselves, a move that raised concerns about a weakening of the country's fight against endemic corruption and ability to get more aid from the International Monetary Fund.“ (Click here for the article) - Ukraine

The Risk of Solely Relying on Auditors to Find Fraud | FCPA Blog

“Kick-back schemes, corrupt employees, and violations of your code of conduct are all risks facing businesses every day. To combat these threats, companies often rely on auditors to protect them. But are auditors really the answer? The The Association of Certified Fraud Examiners found in 2018 that 53 percent of occupational fraud is detected by employees.“ (Click here for the article) - Global

The Real Risks of Doing Business in Russia | Klink

“Every day there is a new story on corrupted power in Russia and the United States’ efforts to combat it. We know the key players - oligarchs who acquired government assets after the fall of the Soviet Union. The key question is how do we properly protect US business and political interests?“ (Click here for the article) - US, Russia

New Data Breach Trends: Small Business Identity Records Now #1 Target | CPO Magazine

“A new report by leading cybersecurity and intelligence firm 4iQ is providing the tech world with some eye-popping perspective. This study is of particular interest to small businesses, because it confirms that they are now the favored target of cyber criminals.“ (Click here for the article) - Global

OFAC Designates Iranian Sanctions Evasion Network | EU Sanctions

“OFAC has imposed sanctions on 25 individuals and entities, which comprise a network of front companies based in Iran, the UAE and Turkey used by “the Iranian regime to illicitly move more than a billion dollars in funds” and provide funding to the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps and Iran’s Ministry of Defense and Armed Forces Logistics.“ (Click here for the article) - Iran, United Arab Emirates, Turkey

OFAC Agrees $1.86 M Settlement with Stanely Black & Decker | EU Sanctions Blog

“OFAC has announced a $1,869,144 settlement with Stanley Black & Decker and its foreign subsidiary Jiangsu Guoqiang Tools to settle its potential civil liability for 23 apparent violations of the Iranian Transactions and Sanctions Regulations.“ (Click here for the article) - Iran, US

Celebrity Parents and Coaches Charged in Vast College Bribery Scheme | Bloomberg

“Wealthy parents, university coaches and a college-admissions counselor were among dozens charged in a sweeping criminal conspiracy that sought to help applicants win admission to elite schools including Yale, Stanford, UCLA and Georgetown.“ (Click here for the article) - US

Weekly Compliance News - Around the World

GCSG's Weekly Compliance News feature is a compilation of some of the previous weeks interesting trade compliance, anti-bribery and corruption, fraud, and due diligence news bites, from around the world.

The High Price of Chinese Money Laundering in Canada | The Globe and Mail

“Canada-China political relations continue their downward spiral following the arrest of Huawei executive Meng Wanzhou in Vancouver, with ongoing retaliatory actions and threats by the Chinese government. As a result, Canadians are increasingly asking themselves what sort of government they are dealing with.“ (Click here for the article) - China, Canada

Wanted: Ethics and Compliance Officers on Boards | Navex Global

“…ethics and compliance officers bring useful experience to a board’s audit committee. That’s where the most difficult questions about investigations, regulatory compliance, and corporate misconduct often get decided, and a compliance officer’s experience handling those issues would be valuable.“ (Click here for the article) - US

Cyber Attacks Proliferate in Finance | FinNews Asia

“The number of cyber attacks on financial services more than doubled last year. The attackers have also become much more aggressive in their approach and developed a strong will to persist with their campaigns.“ (Click here for the article) - Global

Visa Exempt Non-EU Citizens Will Need Authorization to Travel in Europe | Italy Magazine

“The European Parliament has approved the introduction of European Travel Information and Authorization System. It will apply to non-EU citizens who can currently enter the EU Schengen Zone without a visa (i.e. citizens of 61 countries who travel to the Schengen Zone for business or travel purposes for up to 90 days). “ (Click here for the article) - Australia, Canada, Israel, Japan, Mexico, United Arab Emirates, US

CBP Continues to Build New Border Wall | US Customs and Border Protection

“CBP has built & continues to build new border wall along the SW border. CBP has built 38 miles of new border wall system in CA NM & TX—providing new capability by replacing ineffective infrastructure, like Normandy-style barriers designed only to stop vehicles, not people on foot.“ (Click here for the article) - US, Mexico

GCSG Celebrates International Women's Day 2019

GCSG will Balance for Better as we Celebrate International Women's Day 2019

Today, March 8 GCSG celebrates a global day set aside to recognize Women's achievements

PRAIRIEVILLE, Louisiana, March 8, 2019 – Global Compliance Solutions Group LLC (GCSG), an advisory, audit and due diligence firm focused on helping companies manage compliance and risk in their business and with their third parties, celebrates International Women's Day.

"A balanced world is a better world. How can you help forge a more gender-balanced world? Celebrate women’s achievement. Raise awareness against bias. Take action for equality."(1)

GCSG will press for progress and supports the bold for change message of challenging bias and inequality, campaigning against violence, forging women's advancement, celebrating women's achievement, and championing women's education.

For more information: (1) https://www.internationalwomensday.com/

#BalanceforBetter

#IWD2019

 ** *** **

About GCSG

GCSG is headquartered in Louisiana, USA.  We provide Advisory, Audit, and Due Diligence services for our clients across a range of industries in the areas of Import, Export and Customs Compliance, Anti-Bribery and Corruption, Drug Precursor, and Distilled Spirits Plant compliance.  The GCSG service team delivers compliance program assessment, development and implementation support, audit, regulatory interpretation, internal and external audit services, and third-party due diligence and risk management services.  We partner with our clients to solve challenging compliance issues with a strategic, comprehensive, and common sense approach.  GCSG's innovative solutions enable our clients to operate in compliance with the law while facilitating efficient sales and trade.  Our focus on integrity and serving our client's is at the core of what GCSG is about.  More information can be found at: http://www.globalcompliancesg.com

Learn more about GCSG by following us online:

Contact

E   info@globalcompliancesg.com

Weekly Compliance News - Around the World

GCSG's Weekly Compliance News feature is a compilation of some of the previous weeks interesting trade compliance, anti-bribery and corruption, fraud, and due diligence news bites, from around the world.

US Rejects New European Dirty-Money Blacklist | Wall Street Journal

“The U.S. Treasury Department on Wednesday told American banks they can ignore an updated European Union blacklist of dirty-money hotspots, calling into question the EU’s methodology for developing the list, which includes several U.S. territories.“ (Click here for the article) - US, Europe, Panama, Puerto Rico

Trump Delays Tariff Deadlines - Citing Progress in China Trade Talks | New York Times

“President Trump delayed his own deadline to increase tariffs on Chinese goods on Sunday as his administration continues a monthslong effort to persuade Beijing to make significant structural changes to its economy that have so far proved elusive.“ (Click here for the article) - US, China

Israel Arms Exports Will Require KYC and Sanctions Checks | FCPA Blog

“The agency in charge of granting licenses to defense exporters will start to require KYC, blacklist, and sanctions searches to applications for marketing and export licenses. This move is meant to strengthen control by Israeli authorities over marketing and export of military goods, which sometimes allegedly find their way into dubious hands.“ (Click here for the article) - Israel

Canada Ordered to Pay US Company $7M in NAFTA Case | CBC News

“Canada has been ordered to pay $7 million in damages, plus interest, to a U.S. concrete company that used the North American Free Trade Agreement to successfully argue it was wrongly denied permission to build a quarry in Nova Scotia.“ (Click here for the article) - US, Canada

EU Extends Belarus Sanctions | Mr. Watchlist

“On February 25th, Council decided to prolong the restrictive measures against Belarus for one year, until 28 February 2020. These measures include an embargo on arms and on equipment that could be used for internal repression as well as an asset freeze and travel ban against four people designated in connection with the unresolved disappearances of two opposition politicians, one businessman and one journalist in 1999 and in 2000. “ (Click here for the article) - Belarus, Europe

Texas Doctor and Hospital Owner Convicted in $20M Healthcare Scheme | US Dept. of Justice

“A federal jury has convicted a 50-year-old internal medicine doctor and 47-year-old hospital owner of conspiracy to commit health care fraud, 17 counts of health care fraud and three counts of money laundering, announced U.S. Attorney Ryan K. Patrick and Assistant Attorney General Brian A. Benczkowski of the Department of Justice’s Criminal Division.“ (Click here for the article) - USA

Weekly Compliance News - Around the World

GCSG's Weekly Compliance News feature is a compilation of some of the previous weeks interesting trade compliance, anti-bribery and corruption, fraud, and due diligence news bites, from around the world.

Anti-Corruption Raids on Property Linked to Brazil Ex-Foreign Minister | Yahoo News

“Brazilian police on Tuesday raided several properties linked to a former foreign minister, Aloysio Nunes, as part of a sprawling anti-corruption probe that has already claimed dozens of political and corporate scalps.“ (Click here for the article) - Brazil

How to Manage Reputational Risk | The ACFE

“As Warren Buffett once said, “It takes 20 years to build a reputation and five minutes to ruin it.” Reputation equals integrity and integrity equals social responsibility.“ (Click here for the article) - US

Despite Sanctions, Iran’s Oil Exports Rise in Early 2019 | Reuters

“Iran’s exports of crude oil were higher than expected in January and are at least holding steady this month, according to tanker data and industry sources, as some customers have increased purchases due to waivers from U.S. sanctions.“ (Click here for the article) - Iran, US

Investigation Planning - Preserving Evidence | Board and Fraud

“The planning phase of the investigation process should include the preservation of evidence.“ (Click here for the article) - US

EU Agrees Sanctions on Russians - Sea of Azov | EU Sanctions

“As foreshadowed, EU Foreign Ministers agreed to add a number of people to its Russia sanctions list in response to recent events in the Sea of Azov.“ (Click here for the article) - Europe, Russia, Ukraine

The Data Dump of 2.2 Billion Breached Accounts | CPO Magazine

“A massive 600 gigabyte file containing about 2.2 billion compromised usernames and passwords has been spotted floating about the dark web, freely available to anyone who cares to download it via torrent.“ (Click here for the article) - US

Weekly Compliance News - Around the World

GCSG's Weekly Compliance News feature is a compilation of some of the previous weeks interesting trade compliance, anti-bribery and corruption, fraud, and due diligence news bites, from around the world.

Indicators of Human Trafficking | Homeland Security

“Recognizing key indicators of human trafficking is the first step in identifying victims and can help save a life.“ (Click here for the article) - Global

Wife of Philippines Senator Arrested for Cash Smuggling | ICE

“The wife of a sitting senator in the Philippines has been sentenced to five months of home confinement and 36 months' probation after pleading guilty to charges of bulk cash smuggling resulting from a probe by U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement's Homeland Security Investigations.“ (Click here for the article) - Philippines, US

OFAC Enforcement Action: Applichem | Mr. Watchlist

“OFAC assessed AppliChem (the subsidiary) a $5,512,564 civil monetary penalty – note that this is not a settlement, like most of these cases end up.“ (Click here for the article) - Cuba

US Criticizes EU’s Extended Money Laundering Blacklist | Step

“The European Commission has adopted a new blacklist of non-EU countries alleged to have weak anti-money laundering regimes, extending it from 16 to 23 countries.“ (Click here for the article) - Global

Singapore Establishes Independent Corporate Governance Body | Finews - Asia

“Singapore has established the Corporate Governance Advisory Committee at the recommendation of Corporate Governance Council.“ (Click here for the article) - Singapore

Is Background Screening a Regulatory MInefield? | Finews - Asia

“Background screening is often approached warily given the giant web of employment and data privacy regulations that surrounds it. Yet, when done right, it can safeguard organisations.“ (Click here for the article) - Global

Dubai Has Become a Money Laundering Paradise | Forbes

“The Gulf city of Dubai has been slammed as a “money laundering paradise” by leading anti-corruption group Transparency International.“ (Click here for the article) - United Arab Emirates

The Cost of Dirty Money | Bloomberg

“Since the financial crisis, dozens of crackdowns have targeted money launderers who effectively rely on banks, shell companies, and other mechanisms to cover their tracks.“ (Click here for the article) - Global

Weekly Compliance News - Around the World

GCSG's Weekly Compliance News feature is a compilation of some of the previous weeks interesting trade compliance, anti-bribery and corruption, fraud, and due diligence news bites, from around the world.

The Cost of Dirty Money | Bloomberg

“Since the financial crisis, dozens of crackdowns have targeted money launderers who effectively rely on banks, shell companies, and other mechanisms to cover their tracks. According to the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, shady transactions continue to reach as much as $2 trillion a year.” (Click here for the article) - Global

Trump Secures Another Major Trade Victory | Daily Caller

"The European Commission approved U.S. soybeans to be used in the production of biofuels, a decision that will fulfill President Donald Trump’s demand that the European Union buy more of the product.“  (Click here for the article) - US, Europe

US Blocks Venezuela Oil Deals Using its Financial System | Bloomberg

"Venezuela’s state oil company and its customers will be blocked from using the U.S. financial system by late April, as the Trump administration ratchets up the pressure on President Nicolas Maduro to step aside and allow an opposition leader to take his place.“  (Click here for the article) - US, Venezuela

Fake Eyelash Kits Sourced from N. Korea Put Cosmetics Firm in US Crosshairs | Wall Street Journal

"A California cosmetics company agreed to pay about $1 million to settle allegations it violated U.S. sanctions regulations by importing fake eyelash kits from China-based suppliers that had sourced materials from North Korea.“  (Click here for the article) - US, North Korea

Potential Disaster at St. James Waste Pile | The Advocate

"Hundreds of trucks a day will be traveling this week through a mushy cane field north of Mosaic Fertilizer's huge phosphogypsum waste pile in St. James Parish to dump 150,000 cubic yards of earth in hopes of blunting a slow-moving, potential environmental disaster.“  (Click here for the article) - US

Money Laundering: Arrest in Oxford Over Cryptocurrency Theft | KYC360

"A man has been arrested over allegations of fraud and money laundering at an address in Oxford, UK, following the theft of around €10 million in the IOTA cryptocurrency from over 85 victims worldwide since January 2018.“  (Click here for the article) - Global

Correction: United Nations - Periodic Table Story | New York Times

"In a story Jan. 30 about the periodic table, The Associated Press erroneously reported the year it was first published. The periodic table was first published in 1869, not 1969.“  (Click here for the article) - Global

US Slips Out of Top 20 in Global Corruption Index | Time

"The U.S. has plummeted in an annual corruption index, falling out of the top 20 countries for the first time since 2011, watchdog Transparency International said in a new report that links the global erosion of democracy and tidal wave of autocrats to an uptick in graft. “  (Click here for the article) - Global

Weekly Compliance News - Around the World

GCSG's Weekly Compliance News feature is a compilation of some of the previous weeks interesting trade compliance, anti-bribery and corruption, fraud, and due diligence news bites, from around the world.

USTR Grants First Round of Section 301 Tariff Product Exclusions | US Trade Representative

The Office of the United States Trade Representative recently published a notice of product exclusions related to the Section 301 tariffs that were imposed on certain product imports from China on July 6, 2018. The product exclusions apply as of July 6, 2018 and will extend for one year after the date of the publication of the exclusion notice (published on December 28, 2018). (Click here for the article) - US, China

EU to Boost Exports of Generic Pharmaceuticals | European Council

"The EU has come a step closer to adopting new rules that will boost the export of generic medicines and biosimilar products to third countries.“  (Click here for the article) - EU, Global

How AI is Transforming the Fight Against Money Laundering | AMLabc

"As Kai-Fu Lee explains in his recent book, AI Superpowers: China, Silicon Valley and the New World Order, artificial intelligence and machine learning have moved from the age of discovery to the application and implementation stage."  (Click here for the article) - Global

China Anti-corruption Hunt Catches “Tiger” Official | Reuters

"China’s anti-graft watchdog has launched an investigation into the former top official of the central province of Shaanxi, the latest “tiger” to be ensnared in President Xi Jinping’s crackdown on corruption."  (Click here for the article) - China

Bipartisan Bill Could Ban US Tech Exports to Some Chinese Telecoms | Meritalk

"Members of the House and Senate announced introduction of the Telecommunications Denial Order Enforcement Act today, which would require the Trump administration to issue export denial orders for Chinese telecommunications companies caught breaking export control laws and sanctions."  (Click here for the article) - China, US, Canada

3 Ways to Mitigate Trade Compliance Risk | Flash Global

"The one constant in international trade is change, and it’s happening at a breakneck pace. New tariffs, shifting alliances, and renegotiated trade agreements have rocked markets and supply chains."  (Click here for the article) - Global

US Seeks Duty Free Status for Apparel and Textiles in EU Trade Agreement | Sourcing Journal

"The U.S. wants comprehensive duty free treatment for textiles and apparel products as part of its proposed trade agreement with the European Union. "  (Click here for the article) - USA, Europe

WHO Investigates Claim it’s Rife with Sexism, Corruption & Racism | UK Daily Mail

"The head of the World Health Organization has ordered an internal investigation into allegations the U.N. health agency is rife with racism, sexism and corruption."  (Click here for the article) - Global